ACE / CD143 is an enzyme involved in catalyzing the conversion of angiotensin I into a physiologically active peptide angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a potent vasopressor and aldosterone-stimulating peptide that controls blood pressure and fluid-electrolyte balance. This enzyme plays a key role in the renin-angiotensin system. Many studies have associated the presence or absence of a 287 bp Alu repeat element in this gene with the levels of circulating enzyme or cardiovascular pathophysiologies. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified, and two most abundant spliced variants encode the somatic form and the testicular form, respectively, that are equally active.
|Gene Name:||angiotensin I converting enzyme|
|Family/Subfamily:||Protease , Metallopeptidase M2|
|Synonyms:||ACE, ACE1, Angiotensin-converting enzyme, CD143, CD143 antigen, Carboxycathepsin, DIPEPTIDYL CARBOXYPEPTIDASE, DCP, Dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I, ICH, Kininase II, MVCD3, Peptidyl-dipeptidase A, Peptidase P, DCP1, Dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase 1, Testicular ECA|
|Target Sequences:||NM_000789 NP_000780.1 P12821|
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