Work with LifeSpan to design a custom immunohistochemistry to address your specific biological question. Outsource the entire localization process without having to
worry about finding and characterizing target specific antibodies, sourcing and validating difficult-to-find tissues, and having the ability to interpret the resulting
immunostaining in relation to complex human pathologies.
Test your therapeutic antibodies in immunohistochemistry against a broad panel of normal frozen human tissue types in order to determine potential unintended binding.
Our non-GLP TCR services are designed on the FDA recommendation outlined in their "Points to Consider in the Manufacture and Testing of Monoclonal Antibody Products for Human Use".
(tested or 100% immunogen sequence identity)
IHC - Frozen
Flow Cytometry (1:10)
Performing IHC? See our complete line of Immunohistochemistry Reagents including antigen retrieval solutions, blocking agents
ABC Detection Kits and polymers, biotinylated secondary antibodies, substrates and more.
Reacts with human VCAM-1.
Useful for staining of VCAM-1 expressing endothelial cells. It permits staining of in vitro cultured cells and frozen tissue sections. Furthermore the antibody can be used for Flow Cytometry, immunoassays and Immunoprecipitation. Flow Cytometry: 1:10. Immunohistology: Dilutions to be used depend on detection system applied. It is recommended that users test the reagent and determine their own optimal dilutions. The typical starting working dilution is 1:10. In vitro cultured cells can be fixed with 1% paraformaldehyde, tissue sections are advised to be fixed for 10 min in pure acetone and followed by incubation for 10 min in chloroform. Incubation with a pretested dilution of the antibody is advised to be followed by a biotin conjugated anti-murine Ig and a further incubation with an enzyme (alkaline phosphatase) conjugated streptavidin. For selection of the most useful dilution in a given situation a test staining with cells or tissue known to express the antigen should be performed. To this end either cultured endothelial cells or a small fresh skin biopsy can be incubated for 4 hours with TNF-alpha (1 ng/ml), IL-1 (100U/ml) or LPS (1 ug/ml) in tissue culture medium at 37?C. As negative control it is advised to use a control murine IgG1 antibody.
PBS, 0.02% Sodium Azide, 0.1% BSA
Short term: 4°C; Long term: Add glycerol (40-50%) -20°C.
Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, VCAM-1, is a surface glycoprotein expressed by cytokine-activated endothelium that mediates the adhesion of monocytes and lymphocytes. VCAM-1 and integrin alpha-4-beta-1 facilitate a critical cell-cell adhesion event required for survival of endothelial and mural cells during vascularization. Studies of heart development have shown that deficiencies of VCAM and in alpha-4 integrin also result in epicardial dissolution and subsequent myocardial thinning.