Work with LifeSpan to design a custom immunohistochemistry to address your specific biological question. Outsource the entire localization process without having to
worry about finding and characterizing target specific antibodies, sourcing and validating difficult-to-find tissues, and having the ability to interpret the resulting
immunostaining in relation to complex human pathologies.
TCR Screening Services
Test your therapeutic antibodies in immunohistochemistry against a broad panel of normal frozen human tissue types in order to determine potential unintended binding.
Our non-GLP TCR services are designed on the FDA recommendation outlined in their "Points to Consider in the Manufacture and Testing of Monoclonal Antibody Products for Human Use".
Description: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid that exhibits a broad spectrum of biological activities including cell proliferation, survival, migration, cytoskeletal organization, and morphogenesis. It exerts its activity by binding to five distinct G protein-coupled receptors, S1P1/EDG-1, S1P2/EDG-5, S1P3/EDG-3, S1P4/EDG-6, and S1P5/EDG-8. W146 is a S1P1 receptor antagonist that exhibits a Ki value of 77 nM for the human receptor in a GTP- gamma S binding assay with equipotency at the murine S1P1 receptor (2a = W146; 2b = W140 in supplemental material). No agonist or antagonist activity was observed at 10 µM W146 at S1P2, S1P3, or S1P5 receptors. W146 is active in vivo causing skin capillary leakage in murine lung and skin as well as inhibition of S1P1 agonist-induced lymphocyte sequestration. The half-life of W146 in rat blood is 73 minutes.
W146 (trifluoroacetate salt) is supplied as a crystalline solid. A stock solution may be made by dissolving the W146 (trifluoroacetate salt) in the solvent of choice. W146 (trifluoroacetate salt) is soluble in the organic solvent ethanol, which should be purged with an inert gas. The solubility of W146 (trifluoroacetate salt) in ethanol is approximately 0.15 mg/ml.
Takuwa, Y., Takuwa, N., and Sugimoto, N. The Edg family G protein-coupled receptors for lysophospholipids: Their signaling properties and biological activities. J. Biochem. 131, 767-771 (2002).
Ishii, I., Fukushima, N., Ye, X., et al. Lysophospholipid receptors: Signaling and biology. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 73, 321-354 (2004).
Kluk, M.J. and Hla, T. Signaling of sphingosine-1-phosphate via the S1P/EDG-family of G-protein-coupled receptors. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1582, 72-80 (2002).
Sanna, M.G., Wang, S.-K., Gonzalez-Cabrera, P.J., et al. Enhancement of capillary leakage and restoration of lymphocyte egress by a chiral S1P1 antagonist in vivo. Nature Chemical Biology 2(8), 434-441 (2006).